Rosh HaShanah ~ ראש השנה
1 & 2 Tishri~Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year, 5782 .
The Jewish New Year begins the night before at sunset, which is the new day according to the Jewish calendar. Tishri 1 and 2 are the first two days of the month of Tishri, which is the seventh month of the Jewish calendar, on this day we celebrate Rosh Hashanah. We prepare for this holiday for 30 days, every morning in prayer we ask forgiveness for what we may have done to others, whether consciously or unconsciously, to make it up we send cards with good wishes.
Rosh Hashanah falls in September or October in autumn. In addition to the New Year, it is also Yom Hadin, which is Judgment Day. It is the intention that after asking for forgiveness we become better people from the day Rosh Hashanah starts.
It is tradition to eat Challah, fruits and sweets. The Challah that was woven at Shabbat is now baked in the shape of a snail shell and eaten with honey, the snail shell symbolizes the circle of the year. The fruit must be of the season in which Rosh Hashanah falls and a prayer is said about it, some Jewish people throw breadcrumbs into running water at the end of Rosh Hashanah and this symbolizes the drifting away of the bad deeds, a special prayer is said here, it's called Tashlich.
"On Rosh Hashanah it custom to read in the Tanakh, the story of Abraham who is asked by HaShem to sacrifice his son Isaac, at the last moment HaShem stopped Abraham, because he saw the tremendous faith that Abraham had in Him by wanting to sacrifice his son."
When all went quiet again after HaShem stopped Abraham and he looked around and saw the ram he sacrificed the ram instead, the Shofar reminds us everytime of that special and sacred moment.
Tradition requiers the Shofar blowers to play four sets of notes on Rosh Hashanah,
~ Tekiah, is a long blast.
~ Shevarim, three short blasts.
~ Teruah, nine staccato blasts
~ Tekiah Gedolah, is a very long blast.
And because of this ritual that is so close associated with Rosh Hashanah, that the holiday is also known as Yom Teruah~ The day of the sounding of the Shofar ~
Rosh Hashanah we celebrate with familiy and send our love to all others that holds a special place in our hearts!
!אַ גוט לעצט סילינג
Rosh Hashanah September 7 / 8 / 2021
Tzom Gedaliah ~צום גדליה
3 Tishri 5782~ The fast day of Tzom Gedaliah is a memorial day on which fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset, commemorating the murder of Gedaliah, he was the Governor of Judah. His death brought an end to Jewish autonomy that preceded the destruction of the First Temple in 587.
Tisha Be'av is the day of mourning of Judaism and the destruction of the Temple is commemorated.
There are 3 fast days 10 Tevet, 17 Tamuz and 3 Tishri For example, when Rosh Hashanah falls on a Thursday and Friday, the fast is postponed to Sunday. On Saturdays, fasting is only allowed with Yom Kippur.
Tzom Gedaliah September 9 2021
Kol Nidrei ~ כל נדרי
9 Tishri 5782 ~ Kol Nidrei is a Jewish prayer recited three times 9 days after Rosh Hashanah on the night of Yom Kippur. With that prayer we declare that all the misguided promises we have made for the coming year are of no value.
Prayer originated before the destruction of the Temple, before the High Priest entered the most holy place, there he sang a song about his sins that he had committed, after he entered the most holy place for the sins of all people , they sent a goat into the desert to die there, the scapegoat.
This prayer we sing in Shul at the beginning of the service on erev Yom Kippur.
The prayer begins with a repentance for all unfufilled vows, oaths and promises made to G'D during the year, these unfufilled vows are considered sinful!
The goat symbolized the sins of the people.
Kol Nidrei, All Vows ~ 15 September 2021
Yom Kippur ~יום כיפור
10 Tishri 5782~ Yom Kippur is the day of forgiveness, it is also the holiest day of the Jewish year and the most important holiday. Yom Kippur is the day that G'd decides the fate of the people over the previous year.
On Yom Kippur it is forbidden to eat and drink, we are also not allowed to wash or have sexual contact, also Orthodox Jewish men are not allowed to wear leather shoes out of respect for the holiness of the earth. Yom Kippur is very solemn because the new year gives us new opportunities to do better!
It is the most important holiday of the year because on this one day of the year the high priest entered the most holy temple in Jerusalem. You can find Yom Kippur in the Tanakh, Bamidbar (Numeri) 29:7 Yom Kippur falls on the 10th day of the month of Tishri of the Jewish calendar and falls on a different date each year.
From sunset to sunset all restrictions imposed must be complied with. On erev Yom Kippur, the Kol Nidrei prayer is said, with this prayer is shown regret for all wrong doings of the past year, including promises that are not kept.
On Yom Kippur we are not allowed to work and we wear white clothes, this is the symbol of innocence and purity. At the end of Yom Kippur, the victims of the Shoah are remembered and before sunset the next day the Ne'ila prayer tekia is blown on the Shofar. With this, Yom Kippur has come to an end and a new beginnings.
זאל איר זיין געחתמעט אין דעם בוך פון לעבן
Yom Kippur September 15 / 16 2021
Sukkot ~ סוכות
15~ 21 Tishri 5782
🔹️Sukkot starts on a full moon and is a Jewish holiday which begins at sunset 15 Tishri, Tishri is also none as the lunar month, at this day the moon is in Zenith and continues to stay there for another seven days and leading direchtly into the holiday Simchat Torah.
🔹️The furst two days of Sukkot are Yom tov ,where we build a Sukkah (booth), these booth's are built out of rememberance when Mozes took the Jews out of Egypt, the talmud tells us that the trek they made through Sinai desert was a epic 40 years, they lived during these years in Sukkah's, by making our own Sukkah preferable outside in the garden and live in there as much as possible, we dwell on that.
🔹️Sukkot also has three other names, thats because there is also a agricultural meaning, this is the marking of the time in Israel they would gather crops that been drying in the field and for this reason it also known as well as " Chag Haasif" which means " The festival of the Gathering"!
Sukkot is a joyous holiday " Chag " is hebrew for " Festival" its a Joyous festival!
🔹️During Sukkot there are special blessing to be said, these blessings we do say before taking the Lulav and Etrog, when we all sit down for a meal in the Sukkah, the words of the blessing are " Layshav Basukkah ", with these words we bless HaShem, who santified us with His Mitzvot and that we dwell on that in the Sukkah.
The first time you do each Mitzva you have to make another blessing " Shehecheyanu " with we blesses HaShem " Who given us life " sustained us and brought us to this time.
🔹️The last day is " HoShana Rabbah ", on the 7th day of the Sukkot " The Bimah " that is the platvorm in the middle of Shul, has to be circled seven times, this instead of every day one circle for seven days.
Since the Hoshaanot are repeated again and again, is this day known as " HoShana Rabbah " which means " The Great HoShana ".
At the end of Sukkot, each person beats a bundle of five wilows against the ground, these willows are HosHaanot.
On this day we have a festive meal in the Sukkah, which inclueds Challah with honey( that the last of the season) and of course Kreplach, they are dumplings stuffed with meat.
🔹️Not all days are the same, the first two days are Yom tov ( the first day in Israel). Like Shabbat we don't perform labour, travel etc, but there are two exceptions, cooking and carrying things which we need for the holiday is allowed.
The prayers on these two days are longer than usual, because of Yom tov.
The other days of Sukkot are known as "Chol Hamoed" which means that travel and Melachot ( forbidden acts) are permitted, but work should be avoided if possible.
🔹️Sukkot is fallowed by another holiday, straight after the seven days of Sukkot we step into " Shemini Atzenet" and " Simchat Torah ".
In the diaspora this holiday is two days, as for Israel is just one single day.
Simchat Torah is a completion of the annual Torah- reading cycle and the start of a new cycle,which we start again at Bereshit and we mark this day by dancing and singing
21~ 27 September 2021
Shemini Atzeret ~ שמיני עצרת
22 Tishri 5782
Shemini Atzeret is prayer for rain, which officially starts at the rainy season in Israel, and a prayer for the Souls, this is a memorial prayer named Yizkor, this is a special prayer for the departed and is repeared four times a year in Shul, fallowing the Torah reading on the last day of Passover and on the second day of Shavuot, on Yom Kippur and Shemini Atzeret.
Yizkor means " Remember " , with this prayer we ask HaShem to remember the Souls of our love ones, but also friends who passed away.
With Yizkor we renew strength in connection between us and our love ones in their celestrial homes.
Who will say the Yizkor?
Its customary for those who still have two parents alive to leave Shul during the Yizkor service, when reciting Yizkor for one parent, they may also do this for any Jew that passed away, whether that is a familiy members or friends.
When losing more than one parent they have to repeat the paragraph each time.
🔹️Father ~ Aböh mori
🔹️Mother ~ Imi morösi
🔹️Husband ~ Ba-ali
🔹️Wife ~ Ishti
🔹️Brother ~ Öchi
🔹️Sister ~ Achosi
🔹️Son ~ B'ni
🔹️Daughter ~ Biti
🔹️Grandfather ~ Z' Kainy
🔹️Grandmother ~ Z'Ken- ti
🔹️Uncle ~ Dodi
🔹️Aunt ~ Dodosi
Prayers & Translation Yizkor
Satmar Rebbe Aharon during Hakafos Simchat Torah 5782